BIOMECHANICAL SPECIALITIES OF THE GRAVITATION INTERACTIONS WITHIN HUMAN BODY UNDER THE TRAINING BY SPORT MOVEMENTS' TECHNIQUE

  • A. Laputin

Abstract

INTRODUCTION -The studying of human movements concerning Earth gravitation is of great interest for the knowledge of regularities about human motion activity. Gravitation field as a field of force interactions concerning human body is characterized by its accelerations in any point of the space, by the force effected into any element of its mass being located in this point. So human body may be presented biomechanically as a set of these masses. The hypothesis of this work is based on the supposition about that the optimization of force, gravitation interactions within athlete's body would in- crease greatly the efficiency of training by the technique of physical exercises. RESULTS - Special hypergravitation over- alls with a set of weights being positioned on human body so that natural geometry of body masses to keep was constructed during investigations. The tests of the de- vice in biomechanical experiment under the using of videocomputer analysis, the tensodynamography and skeletal muscles' myotonography were carried out. It is put that the usage of constructed device allows to reproduce most fully in the didactic process those conditions of gravitation interactions which have to be realized by trained athletes during the acquiring of those kin- ematic and dynamic structure which is necessary to them for the achieving of basic purpose of the training. CONCLUSION -The investigations showed that the athletes' force characteristics of acquiring movements have increased greatly and the coordination structure of technique have improved thanks to the usage of hypergravitational overalls of proposed construction at the training of wrestlers, track and field athletes, basketballers, shooters and other sportsmen. The resufts of investigations open hopeful perspectives in our opinion for the improving of technology onto the forming of a new system of movements at the train- ing of highly skilled athletes.