A Comparison Of Hip And Knee Joint Kinematics Between Two Alpine Ski Ergometers

  • M. K. Miller
  • J. Porcari
  • D. Audet
  • C. Csontos
Keywords: winter sports, hip, knee, ski ergometer

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine if hip and knee joint kinematics differed between conditions as subjects "skied" on two alpine ski ergometers. Eleven male recreational skiers, ages 18-23, participated in the study. During the random test, sagittal plane motions of the hip and knee joints were videotaped as subjects skied on each ski ergometer at a slow speed (92 turns/minute) and a fast speed (102 turns/minute). Each subject was vid.eotaped at 30 frames per second during the last thirty seconds of a two minute exercise bout. Three turns were randomly selected and digitized on the Ariel Performance Analysis System (APAS). Relative angular displacements of the left hip and knee were measured and compared. Hip and knee flexion were significantly different between the two ergometers at the fast speed. A comparison of the fast and slow trials revealed that subjects were able to achieve more knee flexion at the fast speed on one ergometer. However, on the other ergometer, the degree of knee flexion was greater at the slow speed. How closely the two ski ergometers simulate actual downhill skiing is unknown and warrants further investigation.
Section
Equipment / Instrumentation