OPTIMISATION OF TAKEOFF TECHNIQUE FOR MAXIMUM FORWARD ROTATION IN SPRINGBOARD DIVING

  • Pui W. Kong
  • Maurice R. Yeadon
  • Mark A. King
Keywords: torque, activation, evaluation, perturbation, robustness

Abstract

The aim of this study was to optimise springboard diving takeoff technique for maximum forward rotation using a computer simulation model. A planar eight-segment model of a diver with torque generators together with a springboard model was developed. The model was evaluated by comparing simulation output with an elite diver's performance. The model was then used to optimise takeoff techniques for maximum rotational potential in the forward dive group by varying the activation timings of the torque-generators. There was a 20% increase in rotational potential in the optimised simulation compared to a performance of a forward two and one-half somersault pike (105 B) dive. The results highlight the importance of technique in springboard diving since by changing only the activation timing alone the diver can generate substantially more forward rotation.
Published
2008-03-17