THE CHOICE OF TRAINING FOOlWEAR HAS AN EFFECT ON CHANGES :IN MORPHOLOGY AND FUNCTION OF FOOT AND SHANK MUSCLES
Keywords: footwear, adaptation adaptation, in-and extrinsic foot muscles, M. flexor hallucis longus (FHL), strength, ACSA
AbstractThe use of minimal footwear leads to higher muscle activity of the M. flexor hallucis longus and to a higher range of motion in the metatarsophalangeal joints (MPJ). This could lead to training effects of in-and extrinsic foot structures as muscles and tendons. The purpose of the study was to determine whether muscle strength or the anatomical cross sectional area of foot and shank muscles are affected by the use of minimal footwear. In a longitudinal prospective intervention study the effect of the use of a minimal shoe was evaluated. Therefore isometric MPJ f1exion strength, inversion strength and plantar f1exion strength were determined. The effect on the anatomical cross sectional areas (ACSA) of selected foot and shank muscles were measured using MRI. ACSA as well as muscular performance increased significantly using the minimal shoe in comparison to conventional footwear. This should lead to performance enhancement and injury prevention.
Injuries / Rehabilitation
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